Dew forms and sometimes, depending on where you live, even freezes. The phenomenon, known as frost, can be fatal to some crops because it burns leaves and buds.
So how to preserve our plants from the winter cold? Protecting crops with plastic greenhouses or mulch (a layer of straw or leaves that cover the soil, protecting it from sudden changes in temperature) can help, but if the frost is very intense, there is nothing that can be done. Lighting fires can minimize the temperature drop, but it will only be a local palliative.
Frost sterilizes the earth by burning seeds and pests. And that is not all bad. For native plants, it may be time to break the dormancy of some seeds, but our country is extensive, and the regions are very diversified.
In low-lying places near the sea coast, the rainfall regime is intensifying, and some gardens become submerged by soil saturation and the raising of the water table, giving abundance to semi-aquatic leaves and rhizomes such as ginger and the ornamental banana trees. Water permeates everything, feeding the ecosystem of intermittent streams, bringing floating litter and propagating the life of frogs and insects. This is the time to prevent mosquito and larval infestations.
For those who planted crotalaria before winter, about mid-March, its flowering will attract dragonflies that are ravenous consumers of soggy larvae. But cleanliness is necessary, as much as people are aware of packing the inappropriate waste places, the tide and the wind bring it from everywhere.
In a higher altitude, drought dries the lawns and pasture, if not thinned, especially along the roads, is a fire hazard. In these regions, such as in the midwest of the country, water deficit can be minimized by mulching and drip irrigation.
In the garden, covering the lawns with earth will provide protection and stimulation for new growth. In the garden, it will be the summer crop harvest and the late spring crop sowing.
Winter is still an excellent time to turn the compost over, letting the air invigorate the aerobic bacteria after it has fermented for almost four months; it needs movement to finish tanning. Use a barn fork, the large ones like Neptune’s trident, and lay the layers aside, separating stumps and unshelled barks. Avoid, however, doing this work in the presence of children and allergic people, because of dust and the presence of mites, fungi, and mold, present in the composting process. Wear glasses and a handkerchief to protect the face.
For those who have a wormhole, the leachate harvest, which is deposited under the compartments. His application in the sowing will be a high reinforcement for the soil.
Despite the cold, winter brings great opportunities. Enjoy the arrival of the June Festivals to make decorations in the garden. Engage children in small activities such as hanging flags, feeding birds, setting insect traps, and painting stones with the name of the growing herbs.
For those who live in southern Brazil, winter is synonymous with pine nuts. So make some excellent tea and enjoy the fruits of the season!