Winter: Time for pruning and vines cleaning

Because of the weight, cold air is concentrated in the shallows. The humidity remains until the sun rises and warms the earth. By 9 am, the birds are already looking for seeds and worms in the garden. The dew that has formed at night has already been absorbed by the grass, and the light intensifies in a winter glow. Everything is illuminated from another angle. The sun begins its trajectory to the north, longing for the long summer days.

Just as we want to stay under the covers longer, so does the earth want to heat. The cold burns the microorganisms and impoverishes the soil that is uncovered. In regions of drought and high altitudes, when the sun appears, it is scorching: cloudless and pitying. And those winter buds bend in the midday heat when temperatures can reach up to 28 degrees. Winter radicalizes temperatures, causing nature to recycle.

Many people think that it’s time to take a break in cultivation, wait until spring back, but it is precisely this the best time to do the cleaning of weeds, fluff up the soil, cover it with dry straw and do the planting in small greenhouses, for when spring comes the whole garden sprout.

And for those who have vines in the garden, this is an excellent time to sort trellises, control their extension, tie, prune, and make new seedlings for eroded areas on ravines or retaining walls.

There are four types of vines. Today, I will talk about two species of them.

Those that form thriving green branches, which intertwine into thickets and lay their foliage on any and all objects in the garden, should be controlled so that they do not hit poles, electrical cables, gutters, roofs, and smaller trees, as they can get out of control and become a bad dream.

The best known are the moonflower ( Ipomea alba ) and the São João vine ( Pirostegia venusta ).

Another type of creeper is one that has a small foot on the branch (also known as tendril), which allows the plant to stick and climb up walls of stone and concrete. These little feet penetrate the rock and crevices of the rustic walls forming a fixing net and allowing the plant to cover the entire surface.

Well, they must be pruned during the winter so that new leaves can sprout. However, they should not be planted near walls painted with acrylic paint, because after they grow, they weigh a lot and can peel off the wall with the entire layer of paint and fall.

A common example of this type of vine is ivy, also known as hedera, with smaller varieties such as Hedera helix and others with larger yellow and white spotted leaves, such as Hedera canariensis Variegata.

Ivy is suitable plants to cover the soil of forests and slopes, requiring control during the winter through pruning for the renewal of leases. It should be used sparingly to have it under control because once established, and the plant propagates very quickly. It can be used in interior vases to line iron or clay molds, creating beautiful green sculptures.

Other types that can be mentioned are the false vine ( Parthenocissus tricuspidate ), which loses its leaves in winter in a beautiful spectacle of color. Although slower than ivy, it should be controlled once it gets close to the eaves.

There is also the cat’s claw ( Ficus Jumilla ), which lends itself perfectly to poor soils and narrow flower beds, completely closing the attachment area. Always green, after adulthood, it provides a fig-like fruit, but hard and rubbery. He makes dogs happy because he jumps when thrown on the floor.

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